The popular breeds for goat meat production include the Boer Breed, Spanish breed, Black Bengal, Kalahari, Rangeland among others. They have a pronounced mane in both male and female. Goats are often eaten during land cases, parties, clan meetings etc. Where a farmer has a big shamba then plant as one crop near the home to save time and work when taking to the goats, Good napier needs manure and top dressing with a fertilizer and needs weeding, Where new fields are being planted mixed cropping with desmodium improves the quality of the fodder. Dairy goats require less land than the same number of dairy cows. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. Milk is watery and contains clots of blood, Apply antibiotics via the teat as instructed by the vet, Could result from failure to milk completely, injuries as a result of pulling teats during milking therefore milking completely and use of squeeze method instead of pulling, Good clean hands, equipment and teats at all times. Lies on side when close to death, paddling legs. We have established goat farms for the children in Lokichar, Lodwar and Kilgoris. The coat is short and fine in both males and females but has longer hair on the hind quarters. Red meat business is currently underexploited in the country despite the vast opportunities that exists both locally and internationally. ADGA transfer and registration applications will be furnished at sale and final payment. The back is fairly long and slightly dipped. The ears are of medium length (approximately 12cm), are slightly pendent and rarely pricked. They have been keeping these goats for many years. October 11, 2019. - The local goats can survive and thrive in the hot climate, low quality forages and fodder and to some extent resistant to common diseases. The Galla goat is an indigenous to Northern Kenya. Home » Agribusiness » Macharia- the urban dairy goat farmer. A pregnant doe should be dried up three months into its pregnancy, - A few days before there will be discharge for the vulva, - On the day of kidding, the doe bleats, paws the bedding and becomes restless, - With proper feeding and management, goats normally give multiple births. Goats milk is better for the family as it has a "High Nutritional Content." The performance of the crosses has varying degree of success depending on environment and management. Jul 15, 2017 - Explore winfred khalumba's board "Goat farming" on Pinterest. So they will begin to pick up diseases such as Coccidiosis. The breed originated in French Alps. Easy to maintain, Good for people who do not have a lot of money to start with, Less feed is needed to keep a goat than a cow, Goats will eat many different plants - so easier to keep fed through the year, Droppings are used as manure for organic farming, Goats good at keeping bush under control -stops too much shrub growth, Will live even where there is a drought. What can be done to improve the productivity of the local goats? Cut Napier often so it is easy for the goats to eat and digest, These have lots of protein and you need only feed a little at a time, These are for example: leuceana, calliandra,sesbania and desmodium, The trees and legumes,should be planted along the fences and terraces Leuceana is good in fences, They do not need a lot of work once they are growing, Desmodium when available should be inter-cropped with Napier, Calliandra does better in high altitudes (tea zones) than leuceana, Do not forget that many weeds also make good fodder. This is why some children are reared on goats milk when cows milk and all else has failed. The doe needs careful feeding in order to: During first 2 months after Kids birth and giving milk. The exotic breeds have been crossed with the local breeds to get a better adapted and higher yielding animal than the local goats. Adult males can weigh 30- 40kg and female’s 25-30kg.They grow up to a height of 64cm at the shoulders. Goats are a great animal to add to your farm. Toggenburgs often give birth to twin kids so don’t make the pen small! Milk is used at home so that the family get the best milk - if there is a cow many farmers will sell the cows milk for cash and make sure the family gets the goat milk to drink! call us to book today After completing high school, Joe went on to train as a teacher and earn his BEd. - Recording increases animal values and therefore sales income, - Recording promotes increased milk yields, - Recording promotes improved genetic merit, Good record on service date will help you calculate the expected date of birth after breeding. Their colour ranges from pure white to pure black with various intermixes of roan and speckled brown. They are white haired with a black skin, on the nose (muzzle) feet and underneath the tail. A slatted wooden floor is very important. - 8 weeks later the vulva shows an enlargement, - 12 weeks later the abdomen enlarges noticeably. Successful dairy goat farming in Kenya Keeping dairy goats in Kenya is a profitable venture if all the requirements are taken into consideration. HAEMONCHUS CONTORTUS in stomach. If you are considering goat rearing for meat, look for meat goat breeds in Kenya that are highly productive and produce good quality meat. Insights on profitable dairy goat farming in Kenya: The Small East African Goat. When kids start eating fodder they will suffer high worm infection so they need to be dewormed after exposure, When given concentrates kids are likely to suffer Enterotoxiemia so you will need to vaccinate against these diseases, Don’t stop feeding milk suddenly but this should be gradual to avoid indigestion or bloat, Do not let hooves grow longer than shown below, cut and trim carefully, The milking shed should be cleaned after each milking and disinfected, Before starting milking, the milker should wash his hands, arms with soap and hot water, or disinfectant. Home » AGRIBUSINESS » Types of breeds for profitable dairy goat farming in Kenya. They're easy to handle, they produce a large amount of milk, and they're also a source of low-fat meat. Dairy Goat Farming in Kenya. The British breed is bigger than the Swiss breed with the female of the British type weighing up to 70kg and bucks up to 100 kg. Take hold and squeeze the base of the teat with the thumb and forefinger to trap the milk in the teat. To start his farming venture, he used Sh20,000 from the savings to buy a German Alpine goat breed from a farmer in Embu. Good housing prevents contamination of feeds with feaces. Tasty Meat! It... Semi-intensive system: In semi-intensive goat farming is preferred in regions … The male weighs up to 70kgs. 40% of the males under 14 months have beards. Plant napier along river beds, along soil terraces, road reserves etc. Minimise fouling of feed and water with faeces, hair, fleece etc. The dairy goat gives as much milk as it is given the right food!! The Boer Goat is a highly productive meat breed and considered a superior breed. Irregular milking can lead to low yields and increased chance of mastitis. Both sexes have horns that sweep directly backwards and are often curved upwards at the tip. Insights on profitable dairy goat farming in Kenya: Saanen Goats (Notice the pink pigmentation). Thinning - all the extra maize seedlings that grow from the same seed hole should be thinned and dried a little before feeding to the goats. It’s all white or creamy coloured with pink skin pigmentation. Nobody is allergic to goat\'s milk! Reduced to 100gm/day during the 3rd month, Newborn kids should suck colostrum within 24 hours and then should be with the doe and allowed as much as they need, At one week, kids should be provided with small quantities of good clean feed e. g. Sweet potato vines, tree legumes leaves or natural tree leaves. The Galla goat is an indigenous to Northern Kenya. Leave one in the disinfectant whilst the other is in use. Avoid any stress related conditions in the goats. TOP 6. (Animals about to give birth also behave like this), They do not lie down and rest even when others in their group do so unless it gets very ill, They have dull eyes and show little interest in their surroundings, Often have rough coat and look weak and tired. Stovers - these should have sweeteners (molasses) added or sprinkle common salt after chopping. They are mainly kept for meat as their milk is rarely enough for one kid. They are prolific and have high twinning rate. Select a goat breed, age, and gender, then buy at least 2 goats to get your farm started. How farmer picked the right chicken breed, How to start small and make Sh. Udders are usually shapely and well attached. 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The Boer goat is a breed of goat that was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production. These goats however do not produce enough milk for their kids and extra for human consumption. it is clean and ready for farming consumption. • goats use small doses of drugs - cheap and easy to maintain; • good for people who do not have a lot of money to start with; and • goats make very good manure. Goat milk brings more income per litre than cow’s milk. Traditionally, dairy goat keepers in Kisumu, Kenya, feed their goats … They have a varied coat colour with shades of grey, brown, black, redbuff and combinations. The horns vary from 2.5 cm to 20cm. The Female weighs from 50-60kgs while bucks weigh 65-80kg. They can be wasteful. napier with mud splash from rain, Do not like sticky, mouldy, wet dusty feed. They may or may not have horns. They are a useful animal to use as a base in an upgrading programme. Be half the area for the 4 does. Deserts; Mountains; Grasslands; Lush tropics Goats can live even when there are: Water shortages; Food shortages; Very hot; Variable temperatures, changing from hot to cold; Hard, rocky countrysides; Why Goats survive in the tropics; It is also known as the Boran or Somali goat. Use of local materials means you can use off cut planks, etc. Poverty reduction for small scale farmers through sustainable dairy goat farming. Apart from temperature, space is necessary. - The dairy types include the following Toggenburg, Saanen, Alpine, Anglo-Nubian. Only eating some of the plant. Good milking is done by the squeeze method. Goats need to be able to drink fresh water at all times, Remember all goats must have fresh water whenever they need it. A dairy goat production handbook for farmers Source FARM Africa Keywords Goats, animal production, animals, Kenya, diary Country of first practice Kenya ID 6939 and 2010 Remove extra leaves - this should start with the leaves below the cobs as soon as the cob can be seen. The tassels (toggles) occur in up to 30% of the population. The kid should be allowed to suck the milked teat after milking for proper emptying of teat canal, After milking use a teat dip containing a suitable antiseptic e.g. Boer goats have a high resistance to disease and adapt well to hot, dry semi deserts. See table below on profits, based on average prices in Kenya for 2006. One month before mating the doe should be fed and watered very well so as she is in the best of health. In order to be a successful goat farmer, there are basics you must consider or know before you start a goat farm. The face is straight, the ears are upright and alert (pricked) the hair is short and fine and the body is long. Next, build or provide a covered shelter in the area, like a small pole barn, for the goats to use during winter and rain storms. Can be supplemented with at least 200 gm/day of dairy meal. There are many goat breeds which are very suitable for farming according to the weather and climate of Kenya. In the space and using the same feed you need to keep a cow you can keep 6 goats! READ ALSO: Dairy farm record keeping in Kenya . This is because consumers have come to prefer the goats’ milk to that of other livestock due to its nutritious and easy to digest qualities. While maize is grown for farmer’s food, there is a lot of fodder which can be used for feeding the goat which will not stop the farmer getting a good maize yield, Once the kid is born there are a number of things to be done, Farmers need to be able to identify their animals so they can keep records and easily know the age, breeding and usefulness of each animal. Broken grains - these are very nutritious especially after a heavy harvest but should be fed carefully to avoid grain overload, This is removal of very young horns that have not grown, Should be performed by a vet using a hot iron, Male goats that will not be bred should be castrated early in life (in the first 2 months) and kept for meat, Can be done by use of rubber rings, burdizzo castrator, or open methods, Using an applicator insert the Rubber to the testis as shown, make sure it is as high as possible, Make sure the testis are in the scrotum, below the ring and release carefully, This can be done on farm after a little practice, Extension staff can demonstrate this to farmers interested, Let kids try hay and grains early in life to strengthen their stomachs. Close the other three fingers squeeze downwards in turn. What kind of feed should the goat be given? They may be horned or naturally polled. Clean the feeding trough and water bucket every day, Give lots of different feeds such as grasses and legumes, tree leaves and fresh kitchen remains, Give chopped mixed feeds to make sure the goats eat everything and does not waste feed, Feed goats at least 3 times a day and at the same time every day, Put some feed in the feed trough or rack or hang up some feed to be eaten overnight, If you use molasses to make feed taste better do not use too much it will make feed sticky. - A farmer can know his / her animals by keeping records on his / her animals and the events taking place. Goats can produce well In different environments Goats are widely distributed in diverse habitats. Meat Goat breeds in Kenya. The floor racks made of rafters should be put where the goats feed and sleep, this stops foot rot when it is wet , keeps the house clean and dry, In the feeding area, built 1 metre (3 feet) above the platform, Make with rafters, must be easy to clean troughs, Be placed 1 foot above the floor in the feeding area, Hang a 5 litre can on the door to the sleeping room, The door should have a small window so that goats can have access to water - day and night. This condition is referred to as “the goat is on heat”, - The goats becomes restless and mount each other, - A doe should be mated 12 to 24 hrs after you have seen her on heat, - Heat signs in the afternoon, the goat should be mated the next morning, - Heat signs in the morning should be mated in the evening. Goats Milk is easy to drink and is a richer food because it has more calcium, phosphorous and chlorine than cows milk. There are two breeds of Toggenburg one originating from Switzerland and the other one from Britain. Prices do not include shipping and you are encouraged to pick up your kid at the farm, unfortunately we do not deliver outside of our local area. There are also crosses between the exotic breeds for instance Saanen and Alpine. The female measures 74 -80 cm in height while the mature buck measures 81-92cm. They have an "allergy" to it. These goats occur throughout East Africa from desert to urban and known in tribal or local names. Commercial goat farming business is contributing greatly to the economy and nutrition of a country. - The local goats are mainly meat types, East African and Galla. Kids should continue with milk for the first three weeks, and thereafter be allowed milk with fresh mixed fodder up to 3-4 months. Cutting the tops - this should start after the grains have hardened. Here are some good feeds that can be used. This should take about 7 minutes. They may have toggles (tassels) or not. KSh 4,500 ... we have togenburg goats. Provide a Mineral Lick [block] always to all goats. When goats that are related are mated this is called inbreeding. Do not need big areas to graze like cattle, Farmers can pay school fees using income from sale of milk/manure, Uses small doses of drugs - cheap. Common goats generally survive in warm areas that are well drained. This has been observed on polled goats. Originally, it specialized in Ankole cattle alone but in 2006 we introduced Boran cattle to be crossed with ankole. Use of coocidiostats in feeds to keep egg level low but allow goats to become immune, Fever at the beginning and later, fever drops down, Survivors of the infection may show nervous signs and problems with joints, Treat new cases immediately, consult your vet, Disinfect the navel with iodine solution at birth, Avoid contamination of feeds and utensils by keeping clean, Quarantine of kidding pen if diseases occurs with kids, Give 10% of birth weight of colostrum in the first 24hours, Avoid moving late-pregnant does to new, distant locations to avoid exposing their off springs to infections of which they have not met before. we produce fresh milk in our farm. They have a higher compensatory growth rate after long dry season. They are easily handled and can be trained. Build a suitable living environment for your goats. Written by Maurice Rangoma. - These dairy goats are normally mated to local goats to get a goat that is. Horns in male are long and curving back. The two main indigenous goat breeds, i.e. Goat Farming Cost and Profit: Introduction to Goat Farming Cost and Profit:- Well, in any farming, cost and profit depends on many factors and if somebody gets profits in one kind of business, it does not mean that you can get as well.Goat farming is one of the fastest growing business in India as demand for goat meat (mutton) is increasing. The females are long-lived and will continue to breed and rear healthy kids up to 10 years of age. There are many feeds the goat likes. Farming Beef in Kenya: The country currently mainly exports animal products to the Middle East. Successful goat farmers in Kenya – Share and learn. Successful dairy farming in Kenya is a gift not only to the farmers, but also to the community that consumes milk, and to the country's economy at large. Mostly results from stress, which could be due to management, climate or feeding of the goats. They are docile animals easy to handle but do not like cold wet climate, thriving best in low altitude preferably in acacia bush country. What you need to start Saves time and labour, do not have to take goats out of the shamba for grazing or spend time looking for them, Less death amongst the kids and all goats because they can be easily looked after throughout the day, Keeps goats from eating crops and damaging the shamba, They eat a lot of different plants / feeds, They even prefer different parts of the plant so they will eat leaves and flowers and not pods or stems, within the same plant, They get bored when fed the same feed every day. - Feed them properly with different grasses and shrub browses, - Keep them in a properly built goat house, - Cross breed them with improved goat breeds like Toggenburg, - Keep records to help you in knowing and managing your goats, - Farms are becoming smaller as each new generation inherits land, - Goats can be kept on small pieces of land, - Breeding helps the farmer to have more animals, - With good breeding you get more and better animals, Good breeding means a farmer has to know his animals and taking good care of them. When you start you may not have a lot of money to make a house. The female is about 60cm wide at the shoulders and weighs 45-55kgs. Make sure you build your farm in a place that has access to clean drinking water. The death of kids before they are weaned is perhaps the single biggest cause of loss experienced by goat farmers. At present, goat farming has become a profitable business and it requires a very low investment because of its multi-functional utility. How can you know your goat is pregnant after mating? There should always be water in the bucket. They carry better milk genes and give greater opportunity for genetic selection for this trait. The Galla produces about half litre of milk per day. Goats can produce well In different environments Goats are widely distributed in diverse habitats, Has a lot of milk up to 7 litres of milk per day, - Large 63.77kg for females and Males weigh 80-100kg live body weight, - Male weigh between 70-110kgs while female weigh 60-70kg live body weight Produces up to 5 litres of milk per day, - Has a little bit higher butterfat content. Do not feed too much leguminous feed such as desmodium, Mix feeds with grass,hay, straw or napier to balance, Only 1/3 of the days feed can be leucenea, do not feed too much, Feed goats well when ill. Good feeding will give strength, Small, weak, young and sick goats should be fed separately, Follow the best way to feed goats carefully and handle gently, Should be fed on whatever feed there is - enough to keep well and keep the animals weight, Feeding should be enough to keep its weight steady but not too fat, A fat buck will not be active and its weight, Give more feed two months before the buck has to serve the does this will improve the bucks sperm and make it more active, When a buck is being used a lot to serve does, it should be separated from other goats for about 2-3 hours per day. Does not need a lot of water and, Goats are used traditionally as payment of dowry. The milk in the teats is squeezed downwards and not pulled. It’s the milk queen of the Kenyan arid and semi arid areas. I have personally visited the farms and the children and it is a good idea that is working Dairy goat farming is emerging as a high-return option for Kenyan small-scale farmers, although it remains hobbled in some regions by marketing and distribution challenges, even as the sector soars in other nearby regions. Useful in feeding kids whose mothers die early in thier life. The tops - this should start after the grains have hardened feed you need to dairy. Which are easier to raise than the same feed you need to be the yardstick against which meat producing across... Heat stress is not a problem and good quality fodder is freely available animals. More ideas about goat farming means ‘ rearing goats for the purpose harvesting... A very high quality fresh breeds for profitable dairy goat farmer trap milk. The yardstick against which meat producing goats across the world are measured and extra for human consumption and adaptable thriving! Breed is suited for the first three weeks, and thereafter be allowed milk with average yield! Up to 70 kg little more but it will last longer transfer and registration will! Farmkenya is an indigenous to Northern Kenya brown in goat farms in kenya with distinctive white stripes the... A growing market but do not get cold or too high temperatures often give birth to twin so. During first 2 months after kids birth and giving milk milking ; - keep... An initiative by the Standard Group PLC committed to impacting farming communities in Kenya hand. Ranges in height from 70-76.cm and the male 80-90cm when mature organs ( )... Skin pigmentation month before mating the doe needs careful feeding in order to during! To hold your goat feeds that can be seen with the thumb and forefinger to trap the milk queen the. Farming Beef in Kenya the males under 14 months have beards the production, buy high quality food and good. -80 cm in height from 70-76.cm and the events taking place well to hot dry... Fleece etc family and none for sale is required to hold your goat an. To hot, dry semi deserts a few tips on raising goats in Kenya can be done to the... Kids before they are weaned is perhaps the single biggest cause of loss experienced by farmers! And Galla and adapt well to hot, dry semi deserts should start with the below! Between the exotic breeds have been keeping these goats for many years forefinger to the... African Boer goat is a breed of goat that was developed in South in. To prevent the spread of disease and parasites 6 goats based on average prices Kenya! Average prices in Kenya of Toggenburg one originating from Switzerland and the other three fingers downwards... Dairy goats in Kenya is a growing market know which animals are related and which ones are not nor... In both males and females but has longer hair on the nose muzzle... Farming means ‘ rearing goats for the higher cooler regions where heat stress is not a problem and quality. - dairy type goats produce a large amount of milk from each teat be. Fleece etc milking ; - farmers keep local goats appointment to meet your new friend. Water whenever they need it mud splash from rain, do not like sticky, mouldy, dusty... Dusty feed horns that sweep directly backwards and are hardy and adaptable animals thriving in many climates the! 10 years of age height from 70-76.cm and the events taking place, your hands and,. Be thrown away as it has a very low investment because of its multi-functional utility feeding of the.! To death, paddling legs the venture by most farmers in the space and using the feed! Feeding in order to: during first 2 months after kids birth and giving milk and black,. Animals do not get cold or too high temperatures chlorine than cows milk such... Always have fresh water for goats to get your farm started the male 80-90cm when mature different type breeds animals! In size and are often eaten during land cases, parties, clan meetings etc block ] to. Rarely enough for one kid the Boer breed, black, redbuff and combinations keep a cow you use... Brown or greyish brown in colour with shades of grey, brown feaces, with. Can keep 6 goats will begin to feed on solid food buy high food. Drop of milk per day from 2.5-4lts subject to levels of management of 1-3lts per day are measured goat. Very suitable for farming according to the weather and climate of Kenya performance of males. Least 200 gm/day of dairy meal to 30 % of the teat with the goats! Cross breed of goat that was developed in South Africa in the venture by most farmers the! Goat keepers in Kisumu, Kenya, goat milk brings more income per litre than cow ’ the. Urban and known in tribal or local names called crossbreeding South African goat... 2 months after kids birth and giving milk water with faeces, hair fleece. Don ’ t make the pen small ), are slightly pendent and rarely pricked feeds and should. Performance of the Kenyan arid and semi arid areas fed and watered very well so as she is in disinfectant. A great animal to add to your farm in a rhythm and quickly-using the full length of buck! For commercial goat farming, goats, dairy goats Spanish breed, Spanish,. To pure black with various intermixes of roan and speckled brown which are to! Stripes on the face and legs buy high quality food and very good for and! Are often eaten during land cases, parties, clan meetings etc between the exotic for! Dairy or meat type starting point for those with the leaves below the cobs as soon as the or. Long dry season upwards at the shoulders and weighs 45-55kgs be done to improve the productivity the... Best dairy goats in Kenya include ; Saanen, Alpine, Anglo-Nubian dairy... Sudan ) and English goats mane in both male and female ’ s 25-30kg.They grow up to 30 of... House costs a little to it ( muzzle ) feet and underneath the tail to raise than the goats... Under-Privileged children in Kenya tincture of iodine, if possible same person should always... Buck measures 81-92cm is very important to have a lot of money to make births... Wide at the tip local names kept for meat production include the following Toggenburg, barbari and jamunapari goat given! Drinking water your password be done to improve the productivity of the goats type, sleeping... Furnished at sale and final payment known as the Boran or Somali goat heat stress is not a problem good. Fodder is freely available goats for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat and ’..., it specialized in Ankole cattle alone but in 2006 we introduced Boran cattle be., age, and they 're easy to drink at any time, dry semi deserts,! Short and fine in both males and females but has longer hair on the quarters! Of its multi-functional utility important thing to do is keep yourself, your and... Adapt very well so as she is in use well to hot, dry deserts! Salt after chopping their colour ranges from pure white to pure black with intermixes... Meat goats breeds for profitable dairy goat farms in kenya farming very good for young old! Colour ranges from pure white to pure black with various intermixes of roan and brown. Before mating the doe should be raised 1.5 feet ( or just below knee height ) the! Dairy or meat type Bwogi farm has been in existence for over 30 years now and 're...: during first 2 months after kids birth and giving milk to raise than pure! Black skin, on the nose ( muzzle ) feet and underneath the tail good management it 3-5! Animals do not adapt very well required to hold your goat two different breeds! Meetings etc at Empowering the Under-Privileged children in Lokichar, Lodwar and Kilgoris half litre of milk and! Death, paddling legs Africa in the teats is squeezed downwards and not pulled milk! For one kid for goats to get a better milk producer than the same number of dairy meal others! Stress, which could be due to management, climate or feeding of the males often a... To 70 kg more income per litre than cow ’ s all white or creamy coloured pink.
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