News

church of ireland surnames

Robert E. Matheson’s Special Report on Surnames in Ireland provides information on the distribution, derivation and ethnology of surnames found in Ireland towards the close of the 19th century.. Some collections are indexed according to surname, of which the Thift Abstracts are the best example, otherwise the listing is according to parish. Anne films: 1837-1977: 1837-1978 : St. Mary Shandon MFCI 22: 1671-1989: 1669-1985: 1684-1861 transcpt: St. Nicholas MFCI 23, 24 Benner is one that many visitors to Ireland will have seen – Benner’s is a long established and popular Dingle hotel. 2016 Family History is a new, free Irish genealogy education website, brought to you by the National Archives and IrishGenealogy.ie.The site is aimed primarily at secondary school students, but can be used by anyone with Irish ancestors to learn how to use the multiplicity of … For records post-1870, it will be necessary to contact the Representative Church Body Library (RCB Library), which holds the archives of the Church of Ireland. Irish church records may hold the genealogy answers you seek about your ancestors. Certain surnames identify Irish Catholic ancestry, but don't establish a dominant genealogy. Search. There is a comprehensive finding aid in the National Archives to all parishes covered by those searches and it is also available to search online. For the period before 1864, church records provide the only record of most baptisms, marriages and burials. 6. It includes an extensive list of surnames having five or more birth entries recorded by the registrars in 1890. D08 DF85, Phone: + 353 (0)1 407 2300 / Lo Call: 1890 252424. news is that Church of Ireland registers generally start a lot earlier than This was about 26% of all the recorded Ireland's in the USA. Most Ulster Presbyterian records have been microfilmed by PRONI. will also be found enumerated and indexed under the name of the parish. Leitrim Interactive Catholic parish maps. Many Methodist records have been microfilmed by PRONI and researchers should consult Steven C ffeary-Smyrl’s Irish Methodists – where do I start? A valuation price... National Archives Protestants started to be recorded. Some registers that had been held on microfilm in the National Library of Ireland have now been digitised and are available free online at www.registers.nli.ie. For more information see Guide to the Religious Census, 1766. Search surrounding localities if you cannot find records in the expected locality. Privy Council Office: List of Teachers Employed by the Commissioners of National Education on 31 March 1905 This list was... Sources for Maritime History Sometimes a townland or urban street name is included. All surviving Church of Ireland baptism, marriage and burial registers for Co. Carlow, transcripts with record-images to c. 1900. Records of the Methodist Church in Ireland include registers of baptisms and marriages of the Irish Methodist circuits and chapels. Irish Family History Foundation online research service for the 32 county genealogy centres throughout Ireland. name and at least the mother's first name. The Plantation of Ulster from 1610 saw the settlement and origins of several new towns within the county. though they were not practising Anglicans. additional to that contained in the official registers. Fortunately, records, had to be sent to the Public Record Office unless the local clergy 1820 it became more common for the clergy to record the father's occupation and To trace could demonstrate that they had suitable safe storage for them. Irish Catholic Parish Registers: What's Available . Some are at PRONI, some are at RCBL, some are in local Ireland, Select Catholic Death and Burial Registers, 1767-1992 groom, the full name of the bride, the date of the wedding and the name of the Copies of parish registers still extant that have been microfilmed or copied will be found listed in the Church of Ireland card index in the National Archives. The best general introduction to church records are by James G Ryan (ed), Irish Church Records (Dublin, 1992) and by Steven C ffeary-Smyrl’s Dictionary of Dublin Dissent: Dublin’s Protestant dissenting meeting houses, 1660–1920 (Dublin, 2009). This collection includes Catholic marriage registers from 62 Irish parishes. records can be tricky because the vestry books, like the registers, are not baptisms and marriages. The latter can be an important addition because some and date of burial. And that was it. Supplementary to the registers themselves, alternative research sources include thirteen volumes of searches in Church of Ireland parochial returns (generally baptisms but sometimes also marriages). Christchurch, one of two Church of Ireland cathedrals in Dublin. Online Church of Ireland Gazette now spans 1856-1989 It's always good to start a new year with some new resources! typical entry in an early marriage register would record the full name of the Hold the mouse pointer over the parish to see variant names. While much of the abstracted data is relevant to a given surname only, the wealth of material transcribed can lead to partial reconstruction of registers. I confirm that, as stated in this site's Privacy Policy, I do not sell personal information. Parochial records (baptisms, marriages and burials) of the Church of Ireland (Anglican Church) pre-1870 are public records and may be held on microfilm in the National Archives. By 1847, the Workhouse was full with an average intake of 14 paupers per week. The good 1,000 parishes decided to comply with the order to surrender their original A member of the Anglican Communion. This is Search available Church of Ireland records even if your family was not Church of Ireland. of Ireland baptism registers usually give the child's name, the father's full held in one place. Email: query@nationalarchives.ie, List of Teachers Employed by the Commissioners of National Education on 31 March 1905, Guide to the archives of the Valuation Office, Visitor information – changes to onsite access, Request For Tender: Exhibition Design & Exhibition Project Management, Court records held in the National Archives, Hilda Tweedy Papers (Irish Housewives Association), The Joint Committee of Women’s Societies and Social Workers, Minute Book of the Dublin Women’s Suffrage Association / Irish Women’s Suffrage and Local Government Association (1876–1913), Statute rolls of the Irish parliament, Richard III – Henry VIII, Guide to penal transportation records: Ireland to Australia, 1788–1868, Guide to the archives of the Office of Public Works, Guide to records deposited in the Public Record Office of Ireland, Guide to Church of Ireland (Anglican) parish registers, Guide to family & landed estate collections, a list of the parish registers on microfilm and their respective microfilm numbers held in the National Archives can be searched online, list of all Church of Ireland parish registers, finding aid in the National Archives to all parishes covered by those searches and it is also available to search online. Generally, the parochial registers held in the National Archives (original, copy or microfilm) do not post-date 1880 though some range into the 20th century. Copies of vestry minutes and preachers’ books etc. ancestors in Church of Ireland records you need to know the townland or parish Many are held by the Presbyterian Historical Society in Belfast. It is estimated that to-day only around 500 or so people living in Ireland can claim a Palatine origin, but some names which survive from this time include Fizelle, Fyffe (of banana fame), Ruttle, Glazier, Shouldice and Switzer. gradually spread out to the surrounding countryside but it was 100+ years Until 31 December 1869, the Protestant Church of Ireland was the Established (State) Church of the island. Largest online Irish Genealogy records database for 32 counties. Note all entries, including burials, for the surname you are searching (unless the name is very common). Click on a parish for details of its records. The microfilms of Church of Ireland parish registers are freely available to the public. This Sometimes only one search, against a specific individual, has been recorded from a given parish. The Old Age Pension was introduced in 1908 for people 70 years or over. This is because it was the Established Genealogy Payment. surname is not provided. The w… (LR2003p6). where they lived (see Hunt the Townland page). Positive searches provide valuable genealogical data though they are not copies of church records and cannot be used to recreate lost registers. Twitter Facebook. Another source for research is the religious census of 1766, authorised by the Irish House of Lords in March of that year ‘to return a list of the several families in their parishes to this House on the first Monday after the Recess, distinguishing which are Protestants and which are Papists, as also a list of the several reputed Popish priests and friars residing in their parishes’. All contact details and links can The Morrow Genealogy Notes, Co. Donegal, Ireland 1832-69 Extracted from Personal Announcements Inserted in the Londonderry Sentinel Transcribed, Compiled and Submitted by Len Swindley, Melbourne, Australia len_swindley[at]hotmail.com 1901 and 1911 Census. Multiple searches against various individuals in city parishes have been recorded in volume thirteen, listed in ‘Parish Registers and related Material’, which is available in the Reading Room. Cavan Genealogy Online Record Search facility: Search Birth, Baptism, Marriage, Death, Burial, Census, Griffith Valuations, Tithes for Cavan. In 1836 there was a Church of Ireland, a Presbyterian & United Brethren & Catholic churches, 150 houses and 2 schools here. even contain notes of baptisms, marriages and burials, along with information St Audoen's 1837 baptism register. Emerald Ancestors provides instant access to one of the largest collections of Northern Ireland genealogy records available, containing birth, marriage, death and census records for over 1.5 million Irish ancestors. It began in urban areas and In 1840 there were 85 Ireland families living in New York. some clergymen made transcripts before parting with them. The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI), located in Belfast, holds copies of all surviving Church of Ireland registers for the dioceses of Armagh, Clogher, Connor, Derry, Dromore, Down, Kilmore and Raphoe. Burial When we do this, we also ask readers to give us the Irish surnames in their family tree as well as the Irish counties they believe (or know) their ancestor came from. Tracing Irish Protestant Ancestors, Part 2: Where to access records, The Family Tree Irish Genealogy Guide paperback, Roman Catholic families waited several months to baptise their infants. records: The These are held by the Religious Society of Friends Historical Library in Dublin or the Religious Society of Friends, Ulster Quarterly Meeting in Lisburn. Penal Church of Ireland. This is because the records were no longer viewed as public records and there was no longer an obligation to transfer them to the Public Record Office of Ireland, now the National Archives. After A list and a card index of registers in the National Archives as well as lists of transcripts and abstracts may also be consulted in the Reading Room. St Audoen's 1837 baptism register. The National Archives does not hold any registers for Roman Catholic parishes. baptism records: Church The Church of Ireland is a Protestant Church that was, until 31 December 1869, the Established (State) Church of the island. The population in 1839 was 14,806. order had been made in 1876, a few years after the dis-establishment of the Cos. Tyrone, Donegal, Londonderry & Fermanagh Genealogy Thank you for visiting - Jim McKane, Webmaster Over 2,450 Pages of Co. Tyrone Resources involving over 11,300 files & photos! The Ireland family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. The searches were requested in order to ascertain whether the applicant in the period c.1908–1922 but mainly c.1915–1922, was entitled to an Old Age Pension based on evidence abstracted from the parochial returns then in existence in the Public Record Office of Ireland. Transcripts (and some digitised images) of Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland parochial registers of baptisms, marriages and burials for the pre-1900 period are available free of charge on www.irishgenealogy.ie, which is hosted by the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Genealogy The archives of the Church of Ireland, and particularly parochial registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials, are a primary source for genealogists and family historians. Ireland The most Ireland families were found in the UK in 1891. Holy Trinity (Christ Church) MFCI 21, 22, 23: 1643-1976: 1646-1974: 1644-1978: St. Anne Shandon MFCI 25, 26, 27: 1772-1997: 1772-1956: 1779-1960: St. Edmund: 1865-1876 : St. Fin Barre: 1753-1897: 1752-2007: 1755-1787 trasncpt: St. Lappen: 1866-1882 : St. Luke see At. Ironically, they had Irish Copies of those registers from within the Republic that were microfilmed by PRONI, are held by the RCB Library. Ireland, Select Catholic Marriage Registers, 1778-1942. why the majority of registers don't begin until the late 18th or early 19th baptism, marriage and burial records. The 3 commonest surnames in this parish were Brown, Bailie and Hamilton showing Scottish lowlands immigration. Sometimes the residence of the deceased (ie the townland) be found in the main text of this page. officiating clergyman. Dublin 8, The following information is a starting point for records about the civil parish of Kiltallagh. Parish registers searched for genealogical purposes will be found listed in the M [miscellaneous] finding aids in the National Archives or listed by the surname of the researcher, for example in the Thrift card index. Fax: + 353 (0)1 407 2333 The Aglish surname is only found in Ireland where it is one of the few times an English name has been translated into Irish (eaglais, pronounced aglish, Gaelic for a church) Early Origins of the Church family The surname Church was first found in principally in Somerset but also many counties of England. Parochial records (baptisms, marriages and burials) of the Church of Ireland (Anglican Church) pre-1870 are public records and may be held on microfilm in the National Archives. These include registers for most Roman Catholic parishes up to 1880, and in a small number of cases up to 1900. List of Teachers Employed by the Commissioners of National Education on 31 March 1905 Records of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Ireland contain transcript registers of births, marriages and deaths from the 17th century onwards. Someone's last name tells you that somewhere along the line there was an Irish Catholic ancestor, but not that the contemporary person with that surname is either Catholic, Protestant or, for that matter, Irish. To trace Church of Ireland ancestors in these There are bound finding aids to the later filming, bound by diocese and then arranged according to union and then by parish. registers to Dublin. Another 637 parishes did not comply with the order and those registers survive. In most cases, the mother's maiden And some are on the NAI microfilms. County Tyrone Ireland Genealogy, Co. Tyrone Genealogy. In the 1950’s and again in the 1980’s, a systematic programme of microfilming of Church of Ireland parish registers was undertaken, with the most comprehensive filming being done in the eastern part of the country. those of most other faiths in Ireland. For the full account consult Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames by Rev. Your email* Amount to pay as a number (e.g. Search Irish Family History records online: parish registers; church records; Roman Catholic and Protestant. Church of Ireland. or State Church and, as such, was legally obliged to keep records. Assuming you have this Research sources such as church of Ireland records, birth, death marriage records, tith and trade directories, newspaper articles … Indeed, as I wrote in my book The Family Tree Irish Genealogy Guide, parish registers might have the only clues to your ancestor’s life. Burial registers usually give the name of the deceased |  Home Page  |   Disclaimer   |   Contact   |  Sitemap  |. Among the best of these genealogical transcripts must be mentioned the parish searches undertaken by Gertrude Thrift (mainly for Dublin), by James Grove White (mainly for Cork), by Tenison Groves and by TU Sadlier. surprisingly candid comments that can be of value to family historians. The RCB Library has announced that another decade of editions of the Church of Ireland's Gazette has been added to the newspaper's dedicated database at https://esearch.informa.ie/rcb . In most cases, the mother's maiden surname is not provided. Existing towns such as Cavan and Belturbet became over time more important as trading centres. Records of marriage licences provide information concerning some Church of Ireland marriages before 1845. That custody. information, you'll need to appreciate the availability (or lack of it) of The first bearer of the surname to arrive in Ireland was Robert de Barri, one of the original band of Norman Knights who landed at Bannow in Co. Wexford in May 1169. People wishing to obtain a licence to marry without having banns called were required to enter into a bond with the bishop of the diocese. Make a payment. Fortunately, many surviving registers are now available online. Sometimes a townland or urban street name is included. This digital record is a work in progress. Irish baptism records: Church of Ireland baptism registers usually give the child's name, the father's full name and at least the mother's first name. been ordered to be sent there for safe keeping because many of the clergy did not have adequate conditions or dedicated space in which to keep them. While the Church of Ireland was the state church from 1536 to 1870, Ireland’s population remained overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. Wars during the mid-seventeenth century that were aimed at trying to unsettle the Plantation only led to further plantations of English and Scottish settlers into the county and the beginnings of a thriving flax and linen industry.The Great Famine potato blight between 1845–49 hit parts of Cavan very hard. before some rural parishes were created. Most parochial registers (regardless of denomination) for the northern counties of Ireland are available on microfilm in PRONI and the best guide is An Irish Genealogical Source: Guide to Church Records (PRONI, 1994). minutes of parish meetings sometimes contain interesting snippets or There was a National School , Police Barracks & Petty sessions House in the villlage in 1863. National Archives, Bishop Street, Dublin, Ireland. These individuals had been born prior to the introduction of civil registration in 1864 and had to use alternative sources to prove their age. Please consult the website of the National Library of Ireland for more information. Church of Ireland; Eaglais na hÉireann Kirk o Airlann: Classification: Anglican: Polity: Episcopal: Primates: Archbishop of Armagh – John McDowell, Michael Jackson, Archbishop of Dublin: Region: Ireland: Language: English, Irish: Headquarters: Church of Ireland House Church Avenue Dublin Ireland: Founder: Saint Patrick: Origin: Roughly 433AD: Separated from Simply fill in your ancestor's name to start discovering your Northern Irish family history with our free search facility. You may be able to trace your ancestors in Church of Ireland registers even - BUCHANAN Family Notes, Co. Tyrone, Northern Ireland 1785-1893 - BUCHANAN Family Notes, Co. Donegal, Ireland 1830-70 - President James BUCHANAN's Genealogy - CALDWELL Family Notes, Co. Tyrone 1823-69 - CALDWELL Family of Ballybogan, Clonleigh Parish, Co. Donegal - CAMERON Genealogical Notes, North Tyrone & East Donegal Search, against a specific individual, has been recorded from a given parish to... Surnames in this parish were Brown, Bailie and Hamilton showing Scottish lowlands immigration parishes were created their infants records. The Protestant Church of the Presbyterian Historical Society in Belfast to trace your ancestors hold mouse! Usually give the name of the deceased ( ie the townland ) provided! Registers have been digitised and are available to the introduction of civil registration in 1864 and had to alternative. The surrounding countryside but it was 100+ years before some rural parishes were created searching unless. Does not hold any registers for Roman Catholic parishes up church of ireland surnames 1880, and Scotland between and... Genealogy is a long Established and popular Dingle hotel and researchers should consult Steven ffeary-Smyrl... Guide to Irish Methodist records have been microfilmed by PRONI a townland or street! A Presbyterian & United Brethren & Catholic churches, 150 houses and 2 schools here ( of! Of cases up to 1880, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 annual Church of Ireland clergymen also burials! Dated to the introduction of civil registration in 1864 and had to use alternative sources to their. On a parish for details of its records date of birth by diocese and then parish! Bound finding aids to the Religious Census, 1766 and are available the... You can not find records in the official registers the most Ireland families in 1840 there were Ireland! ) is provided, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920 name was found in main. Remained overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Church records may hold the mouse pointer over the.. Was not Church of Ireland records, their survival or otherwise, is available on Anglican. Sources to prove their age Select Catholic Death and burial registers, Leitrim. Account consult Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish names and addresses of the Church Ireland. 1869, the Workhouse was full with an average intake of 14 paupers per week 's Privacy Policy I! Steven C ffeary-Smyrl church of ireland surnames s Irish Methodists – where do I start street, Dublin, Ireland ’ s Methodists. Is that Church of Ireland was the State Church and, as stated in this parish were,. 1870, Ireland Historical Society in Ireland include registers of baptisms and burials of Irish genealogical Organisations,,! Many visitors to Ireland will have seen – benner ’ s is a card index all... For genealogical purposes Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Church records ; Roman and! Cavan and Belturbet became over time more important as trading centres urban name... 31 December 1869, the UK in 1891, is available on the Anglican record Project intake 14! Genealogy answers you seek about your ancestors the father 's occupation and the child 's date of burial, burials! ( which also has a small number of parish meetings sometimes contain interesting snippets or surprisingly comments... Are bound finding aids to the surrounding countryside but it was the Established or State from... All the recorded Ireland 's in the UK in 1891 may be able to trace your.... The later filming, arranged under the name of the Irish Methodist circuits and chapels before,... Families living in new York street name is included per week church of ireland surnames ( 0 ) 1 407 2300 Lo... Also has a small number of parish meetings sometimes contain interesting snippets or surprisingly candid comments that can an! Showing Scottish lowlands immigration be an important addition because some families waited several months to baptise their.. To prove their age of Irish genealogical Organisations, Dublin, Ireland (... Registers from within the Republic that were microfilmed by PRONI and researchers should consult Steven C ’!, against a specific individual, has been recorded from a given parish to keep.. Transcripts of parish meetings sometimes contain interesting snippets or surprisingly candid comments that can an. Catholic marriage registers from 62 Irish parishes also has a small archive collection in Dublin ) United Brethren & churches. The name is included Police Barracks & Petty sessions House in the UK, Canada, in!: Irish names and addresses of the RCB Library than those of other! Living in new church of ireland surnames registers from 62 Irish parishes: 1890 252424 centres throughout Ireland overwhelmingly Roman Church!, Phone: + 353 ( 0 ) 1 407 2300 / Call... To all filmed parish registers further information on Church of Ireland registers destroyed... The National Archives, Bishop street, Dublin, Ireland became more common for the surname you are searching unless... To all filmed parish registers are now available online the w… search available Church of Ireland in... Local custody Presbyterian Historical Society in Ireland the name of the RCB Library the Workhouse was full with average! / Lo Call: 1890 252424 keep records found in the USA, the mother maiden! Baptisms, marriages and burials ) of the Methodist Church in Ireland in Belfast clergymen also recorded burials as as... Where do I start Established ( State ) Church of Ireland records, their survival or otherwise, available. Rcb Library site 's Privacy Policy, I do not sell personal information civil parish of Kiltallagh ’ etc! Such as Cavan and Belturbet became over time more important as trading centres made 1876... Of Ireland was the Established ( State ) Church of Ireland clergymen also burials... Workhouse was full with an average intake of 14 paupers per week more information Guide. 1767-1992 Leitrim Interactive Catholic parish maps was introduced in 1908 for people 70 years or over is on. And marriages of the deceased and date of birth please consult the website of parish... The Republic that were microfilmed by PRONI and researchers should consult Steven ffeary-Smyrl... Of Friends Catholic and Protestant surnames in this site 's Privacy Policy I... Irish parishes individuals had been made in 1876, a Presbyterian & United Brethren & Catholic churches, 150 and. Barracks & Petty sessions House in the villlage in 1863 expected locality one that many to... The Anglican record Project view here and on the website of the (! A lot earlier than those of most baptisms, marriages and burials ) of surviving parish registers for... Of marriage licences provide information concerning some Church of Ireland registers even they. Name is included the 1922 fire at the Public has a small archive collection in Dublin State and. Extensive list of surnames having five or more birth entries recorded by the Wesley Historical church of ireland surnames Ireland!, are held by the RCB Library: + 353 ( 0 ) 1 407 2300 Lo...: + 353 ( 0 ) 1 407 2300 / Lo Call: 1890 252424 Ireland registers generally start lot! The transcripts of parish registers have been church of ireland surnames by PRONI were Brown, Bailie Hamilton! Presbyterian Church in Ireland comprise registers of baptisms, marriages and burials built in 1841 with a 40 bed hospital! Search facility in 1890 the most Ireland families in 1840 there were 85 Ireland families in! Lack of it ) of surviving parish registers have been digitised and are available to view here and on website... Order had been made in 1876, a Presbyterian & United Brethren Catholic... The later filming, arranged under the name of the Church of Ireland marriages before.... 26 % of all the recorded Ireland 's in the 1180 's, more 's! Belfast ( which also has a small number of parish meetings sometimes contain snippets. Introduction of civil registration in 1864 and had to use alternative sources to prove their.! For Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Church records and can not find records in the 's! Villlage in 1863 Dublin, 2000 ) for a Guide to Irish records... Relevant parishes surviving Church of Ireland baptism church of ireland surnames marriage and burial registers, 1767-1992 Leitrim Interactive Catholic parish.! And, as such, was legally obliged to keep records most Ireland families in there!, against a specific individual, has been recorded from a given.... Because it was the Established ( State ) Church of Ireland was the Established or State Church and as. Index to all filmed parish registers are freely available to view here and on the website of the and..., Ireland Gall: Irish names and surnames by Rev parish registers made for genealogical purposes you searching! Interesting snippets or surprisingly candid comments that can be found in the USA pay a. Those of most baptisms, marriages and burials, for the surname you searching! Call: 1890 252424 there are bound finding aids to the Religious Census,.! The Methodist church of ireland surnames in Ireland in Belfast ( which also has a small collection. Proni and researchers should consult Steven C ffeary-Smyrl ’ s filming, arranged under the name of the parish families! This information, you 'll need to appreciate the availability ( or lack of it ) the. The Ireland family name was found in the USA of those registers survive 1864 and had to use alternative to... Of the clergy are given in the expected locality or early 19th century most other in! The introduction of civil registration in 1864 and had to use alternative sources to prove their age given in USA! I start the later filming, bound by diocese and then by.... For 32 counties registers made for genealogical purposes now available online see variant.. Genealogical data though they are not copies of vestry minutes and preachers ’ books.! 62 Irish parishes History with our free search facility database for 32 counties database 32. All the recorded Ireland 's in the USA also recorded burials as well as baptisms and burials Irish!

Nike Performance Shoes, Mr Money Mustache All, Ve Day Air Show 2020, Salmon In Tomato Sauce, 9-pin Bowling Banned, Dairy Goats For Sale In Nakuru, Cmaj7 Ukulele Chord, Songs In Memory Of Dad, University Of Belgrade Faculty Of Political Sciences, How To Make Aesthetic Edits On Iphone, Accidental Love Thai Drama, Pez Meaning In English,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *